The information would: • Provide an insight into the potential of each market • Clarify opportunities for interventions • Define broad strategic approaches Trade All the farms were located in Gasabo District of Rwanda (1°52′S, 30°06′E), at an altitude of 1800-meter above sea level, with an annual mean temperature of 22 °C and a bimodal rainfall pattern that averages 1000 mm annually (Shapiro, Gebru & Solomon Desta, 2017,). (Labor is plentiful and jobs are needed.) Farms are small in Rwanda. Characteristics of dairy farming in Rwanda Below are the characteristics of dairy farming. Agriculture employs 70 percent of the labor force, and the country's solid growth record and macroeconomic stability provide a solid foundation for agricultural investment. This update responds to the changes facing agriculture and the food system nationally, regionally and globally. Thus, 55.3% of Rwanda populations at age of 16 are members of cooperatives. 3 Livestock Characteristics 155 7.2 Production and Productivity 159 7.3 Development Possibilities 164 7. Fourth Rwanda population and housing census 2012 reveals that the population with 16 years and above is 6,903,741. The Ministry of Agriculture, in partnership with a wide range of sector stakeholders, coordinated the preparation of a revised and updated National Agricultural Policy. in the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) developed under African Union auspices of the ew artnership for Africas evelopment (NEPAD). Data were collected from zero-grazed cows on smallholder dairy farms. In developed countries, dairy farms typically consist of high producing dairy cows.Other species used in commercial dairy farming include goats, sheeps, and camels.In Italy, donkey dairies are growing in popularity to produce an alternative milk source for human infants. Although any mammal can produce milk, commercial dairy farms are typically one-species enterprises. 3. Co-operatives increased from 919 in 2005 to 8,995 in March 2018 with 3,816,591 registered members. These have a high milk yielding capacity. Table 11. Percentage of households rearing specific breeds of … 4 Other Development Paths 181 8 RANCHING 182 8.1 General Characteristics 182 8. Common types. Rwanda’s 1. Cereals like Sorghum, Millets, Wheat, Maize and … Characteristics identified to be important in selecting dairy cows in Uganda, Rwanda and Kenya .....30 Table 12. characteristics of the BDS markets in relation to existing supply, demand and transactions in the dairy sectors in some key sites in Kenya, Uganda and Rwanda. 7. All milking is done by hand. With subsistence agriculture practiced by majority of small holder farmers, yield gaps are high and poor soils, amongst other constraints add to the difficulties for sustainable farming and incomes. The country has committed to generating sustained agricultural growth, including increasing the share of the national budget allocated to agriculture from 3 percent in 2006 to 10.7 percent in 2013. Milk production varies from about a gallon to a gallon-and-a-half of milk per cow per day, with some of the better cows producing up to 5 gallons per day. Average farm size is only about 1 to 2 acres. 3. 2 Livestock in the Development of Subsistence Farms 172 7.3.3 Sheep Development 177 7. 1 Dairying - the Example of Kenya 164 7. The number of cooperative members is 3,816,591. (a) Improved breeds of animals are reared. 3. It should be noted that dairy farming in the Eastern region is not just defined by practices in Umutara. 1. (b) There are paddocks which are well facilitated with watering places. Most dairy farmers milk one to two cows. Agriculture is the ‘engine for growth’ in Africa. In fact, in districts closer to Kigali, farm sizes are closer to the national 32 All EADD sites in Rwanda are located in the Eastern province 33 “Rwanda Agriculture Survey 2006” 36. 34 Technoserve, personal interview, Sep 2008. At the East Africa level, the support is demonstrated by the formulation of the Agriculture and Rural Development Strategy for the East African Community.