The Circle Of Fifths. E is a 5th up from A 2. Each major key is associated with a relative minor key in lowercase letters. Here’s how. Check out the famous Circle of Fifths with the letter names for each possible home key, or tonal center. The C major key is in between F major and G major in the circle of fifths chart. For instance, G is the perfect fifth interval above C, and G major has one sharp while C has no sharp or flat. 1. The circle of fifths chart provides a lot of music scale information and is a helpful tool when learning the music theory basics. Why does this matter? F# is a 5th up from B 4. Let’s take a look at the C major key on top of the chart. The Circle of Fifths for Piano: Learn and Apply Music Theory for Piano & Keyboard. D flat Major Scale: D♭ | E♭ | F | G♭ | A♭ | B♭ | C | D♭, G Sharp Minor Scale: G♯ | A♯ | B | C♯ | D♯ | E | F♯ | G♯ G flat Major Scale: G♭ | A♭ | B♭ | C♭ | D♭ | E♭ | F | G♭, C sharp Major Scale: C♯ | D♯ | E♯ | F♯ | G♯ | A♯ | B♯ | C♯ (C major has no sharp or flat, while F major has only one flat and G major has only one sharp.). C flat Scale: C♭ | D♭ | E♭ | F♭ | G♭ | A♭ | B♭ | C♭, F sharp Major Scale: F♯ | G♯ | A♯ | B | C♯ | D♯ | E♯ | F♯ Here is a link of a very interesting site I happened to find online. This is vital to know and should be memorised for fast key recognition. The three keys at the bottom of the circle can be either sharp or flat keys; the composer gets to decide. B Flat Minor Scale: B♭ | C | D♭ | E♭ | F | G♭ | A♭ | B♭. If you look at the Circle of Fifths, you can quickly see that the key with two sharps is two positions away from C, so the song is in the key of D. Eventually you want to be able to know what key a song is in without glancing at the Circle. The outside are the major keys in uppercase letters. The key is always one sharp more or one flat less than the previous key when going clockwise. As you’re moving clockwise around the circle, keys jump up by a fifth (hence the name). What Is the Circle of Fifths? Let's move down the circle to … What Is the Circle of Fifths? Paperback $14.99 $ 14. To read a key signature that contains sharps: Locate the last sharp (the one farthest to the right) on either the treble or bass clef. But all you have to do is remember that one flat in the key signature means that a song is in the key of F. You can also remember that F is the key with one flat because it’s one position before the key of C in the Circle of Fifths, or a fifth below C, so it must have one flat. Up a half step from C sharp is D. Therefore, the song is in the key of D. Naming keys with lots of sharps requires a bit of brain power because note spelling can get tricky. Playing the Piano or Keyboard: The Circle of Fifths, How to Play Country on the Piano or Keyboard, How to Play Songs with Harmonic Intervals on the Piano…, Piano & Keyboard All-In-One For Dummies Cheat Sheet, Pedal Exercises for the Piano or Keyboard, By Holly Day, Jerry Kovarksy, Blake Neely, David Pearl, Michael Pilhofer. The closely related keys are those keys that have only one note different from the main key, therefore are very similar and considered to be close.The more steps you move in either direction on the circle of fifths, the more distant the keys get from the main key (the more different they will sound). Going clockwise, every key is a perfect fifth interval above the previous key. 1. Playing the Piano or Keyboard: The Circle of Fifths By Holly Day, Jerry Kovarksy, Blake Neely, David Pearl, Michael Pilhofer Lucky for you beginning piano players, there’s a method to the madness of key signatures, an order that starts with no sharps and flats and cycles the ring of keys to all twelve keys. The circle of fifths is a tool used by musicians and songwriters to find the number of sharps or flats are in a key. As you travel around the circle, you find each of the twelve keys in the Western tonal system.