The situation was worsened by more fire outbreaks in Aemilian District destroying the temple among other properties. Looters and arsonists were reported to have spread the flames by throwing torches or, acting in groups, hindering measures being made to halt or slow the progress of the flames. Rate 5 stars Rate 4 stars Rate 3 stars Rate 2 stars Rate 1 star . The emperor Nero ruled from 54 to 68 AD, when he lost his power and committed suicide. [8], According to Tacitus, Nero was away from Rome, in Antium, when the fire broke out. Ancient Origins articles related to Great Fire of Rome in the sections of history, archaeology, human origins, unexplained, artifacts, ancient places and myths and legends. Rate 5 stars Rate 4 stars Rate 3 stars Rate 2 stars Rate 1 star . History Quiz / Great Fire of Rome Map Random History Quiz Can you name the Great Fire of Rome Map? However, this account is doubted because the new palace was actually 0.6 miles (one kilometer) from where the fire actually started. The Great Fire of Rome (Latin: Ignem magnum imperium), was an urban fire that occurred in July, 64 AD. The Great Fire of Rome - Background. In 59 AD, encouraged by his mistress Poppaea, Nero murdered his mother. Studley Company) of the area of Chicago burned during the Great Chicago Fire, Chicago, Illinois, early 1870s. The possible causes of the fire are from three sources namely Tacitus, Cassius Dio, and Suetonius. [9] Of Rome's 14 districts, 3 were completely devastated, 7 more were reduced to a few scorched and mangled ruins and only 4 completely escaped damage. However, Emperor Nero blamed the Christians for the fire. This account further claims that Emperor Nero was on a tour upcountry in a place called Antium and was shocked by the news that the city was on fire. It then spread along the Palatine and Caelian slopes. Nero watched from his palace on the Palatine Hill singing and playing the lyre. The varying historical accounts of the event come from three secondary sources—Cassius Dio, Suetonius and Tacitus. Early in his rule, he was heavily advised, but he slowly became more independent. There were unconfirmed rumors that Nero sang from a private stage during the fire. More From The Great Fire of Rome (4) Clues and Evidence. The third account states that the fire was accidental. The primary accounts, which possibly included histories written by Fabius Rusticus, Marcus Cluvius Rufus and Pliny the Elder, do not survive. Nero returned to the city and took measures to bring in food supplies and open gardens and public buildings to accommodate refugees. The Great Fire of Rome, c2010: (began on the night of July 19, A.D. 64; at the Circus Maximus and over the following days eventually spread over much of the city) found : Wikipedia, Apr. Map (published by the R.P. Nero sent out men to set fire to the city. Most likely Nero would not have wanted to destroy his already existing palace called the “Domus Transitoria” because he had invested highly in its architectural design and expensive marble decorations. In this lower area of ancient Rome there were no large buildings such as temples, or open areas of ground, to impede the conflagration. Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US. A section of the modern scholars also postulate that the fire was set to create room for the building of Nero’s “Domus Aurea,” a magnificent palace. Great Fire of Rome Map Quiz Stats. [6][page needed], Publius Cornelius Tacitus was a senator and historian of the Roman Empire. The computer program for optical disc authoring, The first track of Blackened Death Metal band, This page was last edited on 15 November 2020, at 03:31. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. The great fire of Rome breaks out and destroys much of the city on this day in the year 64. The fire was so fierce that it took six days to control it. The Temple of Jupiter Stator, the House of the Vestals, and Nero's palace, the Domus Transitoria were destroyed. The accident occurred in the slums located south of the Palatine Hills. Explore more from this episode More. Nero quite openly sent out men to set fire to the city. [7], According to Tacitus, the fire began in shops where flammable goods were stored, in the region of the Circus neighboring the Caelian and Palatine Hills of Rome. In the Middle Ages, it was the most populous area of Rome.The IV rione of Rome, Campo Marzio, which covers a smaller section of the original area, bears the same name. The Colosseum and the distraction of the “games” was the Rome that followed Nero’s rule, which according to the latest book about him wasn’t at … He was only 8 years old at the time of the fire, but he was able to use public records and reports to write an accurate account. Vast properties were destroyed and many lives were lost. Forced Order. His leading adviser, Seneca, was discharged and forced to commit suicide. Three of the districts were completely ruined with seven districts undergoing major destruction. At least six separate stories circulate regarding Nero and the fire: Tacitus on Christ § The passage and its context, "The Great Fire of Rome | Background | Secrets of the Dead | PBS", "The prospect of a Christian interpolation in Tacitus, Annals 15.44", "The Great Fire of Rome | Clues and Evidence | Secrets of the Dead | PBS", http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/rome.htm, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Great_Fire_of_Rome&oldid=988767702, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from July 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Interview with Fire Investigator Dave Townsend. Popular Quizzes Today. The fire began in the merchant shops around Rome's chariot stadium, Circus Maximus, on the night of July 19.After six days, the fire was brought under control, but before the damage could be assessed, the fire reignited and burned for another three days. https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/what-was-the-great-fire-of-rome.html About This Episode. Tacitus explains that the fire started in the Circus region near the Caelian and Palatine Highlands of Rome. The theory states that the city was burnt to harm those opposed to Christianity. His exact birth date is unknown, but most sources place it in either 56 or 57 AD. Nero was motivated to destroy the city so he would be able to bypass the senate and rebuild Rome in his image. [10] The accusations of Nero having started the fire were further exacerbated by his quickness to rebuild burned neighborhoods in the Greek style and to launch construction of his new palace. The fire destroyed mostly everything it came in contact with due to poorly built and maintained timber-framed homes. The inhabitants of Rome in the year 64 lived mostly in wooden houses and shacks, an easy prey to fire. About This Episode. Old maps of Rome on Old Maps Online. Motivated by a desire to destroy the city, Nero secretly sent out men pretending to be drunk to set fire to the city. In the aftermath of the fire, two thirds of Rome had been destroyed. Background. The fire could not be contained due to the fact the structures were built of flammable material and close to each other. 16, 2010 (Great Fire of Rome; Magnum Incendium Romae) The Great Fire of Rome was a devastating fire in AD 64. The earliest surviving detailed account of the one which broke out under the full moon that night in July comes from the Roman historian Tacitus, who was only a small boy at the time. This theory explains that he did nothing to fight the fire. May 29, 2014. The population fled first to areas unaffected by the fire and then to the open fields and rural roads outside the city. According to Suetonius and Tacitus, many Christians were arrested and persecuted by Emperor Nero. The congested buildings made it difficult to evacuate people leading to loss of many lives.