I hope this site will become a hub for information about peacock spiders, mostly featuring my own content but also that of others who contribute to our knowledge. A complete checklist of Australian spiders can be found at the web site of the Australasian Arachnological Society[10] which is updated occasionally, independent of the World Spider Catalogue[11] ( WSC), but generally following the WSC. Dr Jurgen Otto If he's not doing it right the female might think he's not the right partner. With Tom Hardy, Michelle Williams, Woody Harrelson, Naomie Harris. For humans though they are completely harmless. Ion Staunton was author of a factfinder book All about Australian Spiders in 1968. Other common names are metallic tarantula, peacock parachute spider, or peacock tarantula. Males of all three species have a large, fringed fan with distinctive figures consisting of pigmented scales on a background of iridescent scales. The most common species is Lampona cylindrata (throughout Australia but not eastern Queensland). The cephalothorax, which is often wider than the abdomen, is similarly shaped but shorter, usually about half the length of the abdomen. John Child published Spiders of Australia in 1965. Peacock hunt prey smaller than themselves in the daytime, usually leaping upwards, or mostly upwards, or sideways, with the aid of a third pair of powerful legs. Studies of verified Lampona bites have not shown any case of necrotising ulcers. The cigar-shaped abdomen (sometimes flattened) is narrowed at both ends. This claim is untrue. [1] Most Australian spiders do not have venom that is considered to be dangerously toxic. Inspired designs on t-shirts, posters, stickers, home decor, and more by independent artists and designers from around the world. All orders are custom made and most ship worldwide within 24 hours. All members of this genus share a similar reputation for inflicting unpleasant and sometimes fatal bites on humans. Systemic effects such as feeling sick, abdominal pain and nausea can be brought on by trauma and associated pain. Once the Redback is fully trussed, the Daddy Long-legs Spider bites at will and simply waits for the bigger spider to die so it can feed. The calcitrans group is widely distributed in eastern Australia with many colourful species. Isbister et al. The sweating then becomes more generalised. His Census of Australian Araneidae (1911) listed all 1,102 species known to that date. This was perpetuated by a number of articles in medical journals. Over a ten year period in which I have handled dozens of species,  thousands of times, I have not seen the slightest inclination by any individual to bite me or anyone else who handled them. Spitting spiders spew silky glue from their venom glands to pin down other, larger spiders for a killing bite to the leg. reported in 2015 that any patient for whom antivenom is considered must be fully informed that there is considerable weight of evidence to suggest it is no better than placebo, there is a risk of anaphylaxis and serum sickness, and that routine use is therefore not recommended. A number of the spiders were named after people who discovered them. All members of the group have an asymmetric display in which they alternately extend or kick one leg III to one side, then the other leg III to the other side. [3], Australia's Redback Spider and Sydney Funnelweb, List of common spider species of Australia, "Australian spiders: the 10 most dangerous, Australian Geographic", "Rounding up the usual suspects: a standard target-gene approach for resolving the interfamilial phylogenetic relationships of ecribellate orb-weaving spiders with a new family-rank classification (Araneae, Araneoidea)", "Redback spiders found in Tokyo for first time", "What You Need To Know About The Redback Spider", "AAS - Urban Myths - The bite of the White-tailed Spider (Lampona spp. Australia has a number of highly venomous spiders, including the Sydney Funnel-web, its relatives in the family Hexathelidae, and the Redback Spider, whose bites can be extremely painful and have historically been linked with deaths in medical records. Presently the Australian peacock spiders are assigned to two genera, Maratus Karsch 1878 and Saratus Otto & Hill 2017. Over a ten year period in which I have handled dozens of species, thousands of times, I have not seen the slightest inclination by any individual to bite me or anyone else who handled them. The two central front eyes of the jumping spider are much more advanced – large, fronted by spherical lenses, with an internal focussing mechanism and complex four layered retina. There are 86 species of Peacock spider worldwide Credit: Joseph Schubert/Museum Victoria "The patterns on the abdomen to me just look so much like Starry Night by van Gogh, hence the name constellatus which means starry in Latin." )", "White-tail spider bite: a prospective study of 130 definite bites by Lampona species", "White-tailed Spider - Australian Museum", "Daddy long-legs Spiders: Museums Victoria", http://www.qm.qld.gov.au/features/spiders/#.WTSVXcZ7GEI, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Spiders_of_Australia&oldid=985444113, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 October 2020, at 00:20. The spicatus group includes three very small species. The pavonis group is centered around Maratus pavonis. Peacock Spider males extend brilliantly coloured fans and wave their legs in a display for their female partners. The chrysomelas group includes the widely distributed M. chrysomelas and the closely related M. nigromaculatus that is known only from the southern coast of Queensland. However, the content of this venom can vary wildly from species to species, and the majority are not harmful to humans. [15][17][18], The Daddy Long-legs Spider Pholcus phalangioides (so named because the abdomen is finger-shaped) is one of nine introduced pholcids in Australia. Their fans are flaps and fringes on the sides of the abdomen, normally folded away, are inflated and spread wide when displaying. Like other spiders peacock spiders possess venom and they use it to kill their prey, small flies, moths and other insects. Ideas about how to improve this website are always welcome. High quality Peacock Spider gifts and merchandise. Keith McKeown wrote Spider Wonders of Australia in 1936, followed by Australian Spiders: Their Lives and Habits in 1952 and Australian Spiders in 1963. For humans though they are completely harmless. How many more species are there to be discovered ? Males of all other species in the group inflate their spinnerets as they display to females. M. chrysomelas can be found in the arid interior and the tropical north. Do females eat the males whose dance they don't like ? The almost identical Lampona murina is restricted to eastern Australia. The closely related M. licunxini was collected at Carnarvon Station Homestead in the interior of Queensland. African sand spiders can survive a year with no food or water. Their fans are flaps and fringes on the sides of the abdomen, normally folded away, are inflated and spread wide when displaying. In 1967 V. V. Hickman, contributed Some Common Spiders of Tasmania. Densey Clyne published Australian Spiders in 1969. The collectors of that time included Eduard Daemel (1821–1900) entomologist, trader, explorer and collector; and Amalie Dietrich (1821–91) who spent 10 years in Australia collecting specimens for the Museum Godeffroy in Hamburg. Davies and Żabka (1989) figured a male M. ottoi from the vicinity of Brisbane, but did not give it a name. No deaths have occurred since the advent of an antivenom in 1981. Lamponids have eight eyes in two rows. The following are articles about my peacock spider work. Daddy Long-legs Spiders can tangle up and wrap Redback Spiders from a safe distance by means of their long legs, which they use to apply silk.